Fiber optic cables contain optical fibers which enable the transmission of high volume and quality data.

Fiber Optic Cable

A variety of fiber optic cables are available in the market. These fiber optic cables usually contain optical fibers that are made with glass which enable the transmission of high volume and quality data. With different constructions, the fiber optic cables can be deployed in many areas such as buried underground, installation on poles and other areas. They can be utilized in many industries like telecommunications, transportation, commercial, residential and others.


Singlemode fiber optic cables VS Multimode fiber optic cables

Fiber optic cable usually consists of either Singlemode or Multimode optical fiber. The Singlemode fiber optic cable has core with a smaller diameter that is usually about 9 microns. This only allows a single source of light source to be transmitted. With only a single source of light source and smaller diameter, there will be lesser interferences and reflections to prevent the light source from passing through the core. This enables the data to be transmitted further and at a faster transmission speed for the Singlemode fiber optic cable. Therefore, the Singlemode fiber optic cable is usually utilized for transmission of data over a longer distance.

 

On the other hand, the multimode fiber optic cable usually has core that has larger diameter usually about 62.5 or 50 microns and it will allow multiple light sources to be transmitted. Having core with a larger diameter for the multimode fiber optic cable will allow more than one light source to pass through. However, this will create higher interferences and reflections. As a result, the transmission speed for the multimode fiber optic cable will be slower as compared with the singlemode fiber optic cable.

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Fiber Optic Patch Cable

Fiber optic patch cable is available with both singlemode or multimode optical fiber. It is commonly used to create products such as fiber optic patch cords or fiber optic pigtails which are used in the network connectivity. For fiber optic pigtails, one end of the patch cable will be terminated with the fiber optic connector while the other end will be left free for fiber optic termination or splicing. On the other hand, the fiber optic patch cord will have both ends terminated with the fiber optic connectors.

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Tight Buffered Cable

The tight buffered cable can be deployed in an indoor environment. With its flexible construction, it provides ease of installation when compared with the loose tube cable. There is no cleaning up of protective gel therefore it can installed easily and less expensively as no chemical cleaning is required after the installation.

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Breakout Cable

The breakout cable is a type of fiber optic cable that consists of several optical fibers that are individually wrapped with aramid yarn which serves as the strength member. The optical fibers are further protected or reinforced with an outer jacket each on their own.  With this construction, it helps to provide added strength to the breakout fiber optic cable. 

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Unitube Fiber Optic Cable

Unitube cables consist of a central tube which contains all the optical fibers. The central tube is filled with a waterproof filling compound. Unitube cables are surrounded by the glass/aramid yarns which can improve the tensile strength of the cables.

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Loose Tube Cable

The loose tube fiber optic cable usually comes with water blocking thixotropic gel to prevent the ingression of water to protect the optical fibers. In order to protect the optical fibers further, the loose tube cable will also come with one or more layers of armouring or jacketing. Steel wire armouring (SWA), corrugated steel tape (CST), steel wire braiding (SWB) are some examples of the armouring that are applied to protect the optical fibers. The additional armouring will help to provide mechanical and rodent protection to the fiber optic cables, enabling them to be deployed in harsh environments.